What is Raw Honey
Our honey is raw and unfiltered. This means it is literally sold to you in the exact form as when it left the hive. Unheated, untreated, non pasteurized, and not "processed." This ensures our honey preserves as much of the nutritional value and flavor as possible. Raw honey tends to crystallize due to the natural particles in the honey. Store bought honey is heated and then passed through fine filters to prevent crystallization, as many people have grown up with a preference for liquid and brilliant, shelf stable honey. This additional processing changes the honey's flavor as well as removes many of the components that raw proponents love and which gives raw honey its delicate flavor.
What are "Honey" Vintages
Vintage, by definition, is the period in which something was made. We sell our honey according to the year that it was produced by the bees and harvested by us. Each year has seasonal differences that causes differences in color, aroma, and taste largely caused by the yearly differences in nectar production of the various plants that the bees forage from. Unlike many honey producers, we do not ever blend honey from one year to another. There is nothing inherently wrong with this but we like to celebrate the changes year over year.
Why Does Raw Honey Crystallize
ALL HONEY CRYSTALLIZES. Honey is primarily composed of fructose and glucose as well as other sugars. These sugars are in high concentration as the moisture content of honey is around 18% water. This is known as a supersaturation and explains why it's such a thick syrup. Sugar in a supersaturated solution wants to settle out by crystallizing but requires a catalyst such as a pollen particle, small pieces of wax, or other crystals on which to grow. This process occurs very rapidly once a few crystals form, especially if the honey is between 50F and 65F. Store bought honey is processed by heating the honey to 145F or warmer and then passing it through fine filters to remove any trapped pollen, wax, air, or other components that can cause crystallization. This is why it appears brilliant (clear) and liquid. Crystallization does not affect the honey in any way other than temporarily changing the texture and appearance. Some even prefer the rich, spreadable texture of crystallized honey.
How do I liquefy my honey
There are several options but all of them fall into one of two categories: reversible and non-reversible. Using reversible methods, the honey will liquefy and remain largely undamaged, but it will quickly recrystallize once it cools back down. Non-reversible methods involving heating will significantly reduce the tendency of the honey to recrystallize, however it will alter the honey by denaturing enzymes, risking caramelization, and volatilizing delicate aromatic compounds. The method you choose largely depends on personal preference. We do not recommend microwaving your honey as it will create hot spots that will damage and change the flavor of your honey.
This method will allow you to liquefy crystallized honey without altering it, however it will recrystallize once the temperature falls back down below 77F.
- Create a water bath of 104F. We recommend a double boiler or a large pot. Use an ordinary thermometer to maintain temperature.
- Place the amount of honey you intend to use into a container (metal is best for even heat conduction) or a pot that will fit inside of your larger pot above.
- Stir until all crystals dissolve.
*Only use this method if you prefer honey in a shelf stable liquid form*
- Create a water bath between 150 and 170F. Do not exceed 180F.
- Place your honey into this bath by either placing the entire container into the water bath or removing a portion. If you remove a portion, transfer that portion to a new clean container prior to heating.
- Monitor the temperature of the honey. Once it reaches 150F, hold it at that temperature for 30mins.
- Allow the honey to cool back down to room temperature. Note that the color and flavor of the honey might change.
Examples of Honey After Various Liquefaction Methods
Examples of Heat Treatment on Honey. Same source/vintage of honey.
- (LEFT) Honey that has been microwaved repeatedly to liquefy will darken over time but since its not held at temp, it will end up recrystallizing leaving you with the worst of both options. Notice it is also the darkest of the three examples.
- (MIDDLE) This honey was brought up to 170F in a water bath and held for 30mins. The taste is much closer to that of store honey and it has lost a lot of its delicate floral complexity. Its slightly hazy because it was not filtered but it's been in a liquid form at a room temp of around 62F for several months.
- (RIGHT) This honey has only been gently heated whenever we have needed it. It's still very light in color and maintains the original flavor.
Store bought honey has origins that are often difficult to trace. Producers purchase honey from multiple apiaries or other producers and blend them together and process for bulk sale. Packagers then buy bulk honey from multiple producers blending together what are now blends of blends. Some of these producers might originate honey from foreign sources and the trail gets even more murky. By purchasing honey directly from the beekeeper, you can be sure you know exactly where your honey came from.
Although we make no specific health claims with regards to raw honey, we acknowledge and respect the fact that many folks do believe raw honey obtained from local sources improves their seasonal allergies. We are told the thought process is that the incidental pollen contained in raw honey can provide micro-exposure which can desensitize the body, similarly to how allergy shots work. Many seek out local honey obtained from the local environment as the pollen sources would likely best reflect what someone would be exposed to during their daily life.
Taste and Quality
Honey is amazingly complex. The various nectar sources directly impact the taste of the honey. Honey sourced from specific apiaries or even specific hives can vary in color and flavor significantly. Even year to year, the tasting notes for a given vintage will be different based on the weather's effect on the various nectar sources. For much the same reasons why people drink single origin coffee, single origin, unblended honey is amazingly complex and provides for an exciting culinary adventure.